The Safe Harbor Privacy Principles were developed between 1998 and 2000. They have been designed to prevent private organisations in the European Union or the United States that store customer data from accidentally disclosing or losing personal data. U.S. companies could opt for a program and be certified if they adhere to seven principles and 15 frequently asked questions and answers in accordance with the directive.  In July 2000, the European Commission decided that US companies that comply with the principles and register their certification, that they meet the EU`s requirements, the “Safe Harbor System”, could transmit data from the EU to the US. This is called a safe harbor decision.  On 19 July 2013, Viviane Reding, then Vice-President of the European Commission, told the Vilnius Justice Council: “The Safe Harbour Agreement may not be so secure. This could be a loophole for data transfer, as it allows data transfers from EU companies to US companies – although US data protection standards are lower than those of ours in Europe. Reding announced a robust assessment of the Safe Harbor agreement, which is expected to be presented before the end of the year. Following a dispute between Austrian data protection advocate Max Schrems, it was decided that US data protection law was insufficient and that it was necessary to invalidate the agreement. It should be noted that data transfer agreements containing SCCs may be concluded.