Peace Agreement Armenia Azerbaijan

The Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement in 2020 is a ceasefire agreement that ended the Nagorno-Karabakh war in 2020. Signed on 9 November by Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan and Russian President Vladimir Putin, it ended all hostilities in the Nagorno-Karabakh region from 00:00, 10 November 2020 Moscow time. [1] [2] The President of the self-declared Artsakh Republic, Arayik Harutyunyan, also agreed to the end of hostilities. [3] President Putin said that the agreement would involve a prisoner of war exchange and that “all economic and transport contacts must be removed”. Many “peace agreements” negotiated by the world`s great powers have become bogged down or failed because the dysfunctions underlying them have never been resolved and fierce belligerents have played a role of backing-up. If this agreement is not strong enough, especially to make the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh safe and protected, it could disintegrate in the same way and break up new conflicts. On 10 November, the two countries signed an agreement brokered by Russia to end the fighting and work towards a comprehensive solution. For six weeks, Armenia and Azerbaijan have waged a fierce war on its doorstep for disputed areas in and around the separatist enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, mainly inhabited by ethnic Armenians. On 10 November, a peace agreement brokered by Russia ceded several regions to Azerbaijan: part of Nagorno-Karabakh itself and three regions around Azerbaijan.

The region was already considered part of Azerbaijan under international law, but it has been de facto under Armenian control since the fighting of the 1990s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union. These are issues on which the politicians of Moscow or Ankara have little expertise or interest. They are where Western countries and international organizations can offer a lot. It requires a certain humility as to the little importance they have had over the years with this conflict and which will inevitably be an unpleasant cooperation with Russia.

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